Date(s) - 01/24/2022
12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Categories No Categories
Ph.D. students in the Department of Economics hold a weekly Brown Bag series on Mondays from noon to 1 p.m. on Zoom. These events provide an opportunity for a student to present and workshop a research paper or idea with peers and faculty. For more information, please contact Bhavya Sinha.
Monday, January 24 | 12-1 p.m.
Who benefits from piped water supply? Empirical evidence from a gendered analysis in India
The disproportionate burden on women of water collection and distribution in the household in developing economies calls for a study on the relationship between piped water supply and gender differences in employment, women’s health, child health and education. I use spatiotemporal data from the largest gender disaggregated human development survey in India, 2005-2012, and carry out econometric analyses using conditionally exogenous village fixed effects and instrumental variable regressions to evaluate the effects. Identification is based on spatial and temporal variation in the expansion of publicly subsidized programs in rural areas triggered by two comprehensive rural drinking water reforms. Results show that village access to piped water increases the likelihood of wage salary employment by 11.3 percentage points, and annual earnings increase by 17.5 percent for women, comparatively higher than men. With piped water, women’s self-reported health improves, child’s health and education outcomes also improve. Our study recommends evaluating the social demand curve for piped water supply, and the consideration of piped water supply as a basic necessity as part of a broader strategy to reduce gender differences.