Department of Economics Fall 2018 Brown Bag Series

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Date(s) - 11/12/2018
12:00 pm - 1:00 pm

Andrew G. Clark Building


The Brown Bag Seminar Series offers current ECON and DARE graduate students the opportunity to present ongoing research or to workshop new ideas. The seminars are held on Mondays from 12:00-1:00pm in Clark C307 and are open to everyone.

For more information on the series or specific seminars, please contact Sarah Small at or Nina Poerbonegoro at

November 12th’s presenter is ECON Ph.D. graduate student Elene Murvanidze. She will be presenting her paper: “It is Expensive to be Poor: Equity in Financing Education in Turkey (2004-2012)”

Abstract: The Turkish government, under the rule of Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP), (2002-2012) has conducted many educational reforms. Different researchers have evaluated the effectiveness of those policies with different approaches. Some claim that the policies result in the more inclusive and diverse educational system, others argue that the reforms rekindle child labor, increase child brides and condemn girls to illiteracy. In this paper, I measure the effects of education reforms on the equity in financing education (i.e., out-of-pocket expenditures). After estimating the Gini, Concentration and Kakwani indices and graphing the Lorenz and Concentration curves,  finding show that the education financing in Turkey is regressive. Since 2004 there have been no significant improvements in income equality levels and in the distribution of education financing. The poorest quintiles have had the highest shares of education expenditures, with the high school education being the most inequitable. These results conflict with the claim that the education in Turkey has become more accessible to the poor and the education policies have decreased the inequality. These results raise concerns regarding the intergenerational mobility of individuals. If it is the low-income quintiles that face the heaviest burden of the education financing, then the social mobility (by investing in human capital) becomes very challenging.